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Campanula Trachelium

Facts about the Campanula Trachelium

Planning a garden by color is easy for blooms of white, yellow, red, orange and purple, but when looking for blue flowers, the logical choice is campanula trachelium. 

Campanula may be better known as bellflowers, a common garden name for the abundantly blooming perennial.  Their woody nature makes them a very hardy and sturdy plant in the landscape, featuring medium green leaves that are thin and spiky in appearance.  As with most perennials, the ease of growing campanula is one reason they are so desirable in the garden.  Returning year after year to display even more lovely blooms than the year previous, perennials such as campanula require very little care other than regular watering, fertilizer a few times each season and dividing the plants to keep their growth optimal. 

It is an easy mistake when planning a perennial garden to actually plant too much.  Many of the plants, including campanula trachelium, grow to display a wide spread of foliage, increasing in size each year.  If placed too closely together in the early stages, the ability to grow to their fullest potential will be constricted.   When this occurs, the flower bed suddenly becomes a single mass of greenery.  Each of the carefully chosen perennials deserves the opportunity to shine during their finest hour of blooming, and properly spacing them will garner them a focal point of their own. 

Bellflowers are extremely versatile perennials.  Beautiful as container plants, their deep blue color can be an excellent mix with a variety of smaller plants in whites and reds to display patriotic pride.  They are perfect as stand alone container plants providing a hedge around a small patio.  In the garden, their full grown height of approximately 2 feet tall earns them an ideal position in the center of a perennial combination; ushered in by smaller groundcover in the front of the flower bed and bordered by willowy climbing vines in the back.  They can thrive in partial shade as well as full sun, and don’t require any special types of soil. 

People in most USDA zones are able to enjoy the bountiful blue blossoms of the campanula trachelium, as its hardy nature allows it to be grown successfully in the cooler climates of Zones 4 while still be faring quite well in the warmth of Zone 8.  Optimally, bellflowers should receive at least 4 hours of direct sun each day to achieve the best blooming periods.  Over 6 hours of sun is well tolerated, as is half a day’s worth of light shade; making the perennial well suited for most any area in the yard.  Typically, campanula will be literally blanketed with the bluish trumpets from early spring to the middle of summer. 

Yet another advantage to including campanula in your perennial garden is their natural resistance to pests.  Deer and many insects have no interest in feeding upon the plant; keeping it healthy looking and easy to maintain throughout the season.  They are, however, somehow attractive to slugs and snails, which can affect the roots of the plants.  Common home remedies for eliminating these damaging critters are as easy as they are inexpensive.  One of the most popular and effective means is to simply place a few shallow dishes of beer in the garden near the plants they are targeting.  Check the dishes each morning, and empty out the beer along with the slugs and snails which have crawled in.  Continue replenishing to keep the pests at a minimum. 

Blue wildflowers are a treasure in the garden; the delicately formed bells of the campanula trachelium providing a valued display of color among the more commonly seen white, red and yellow blooms.  Easy to maintain, beautiful to view, the bellflower will be a wonderful addition in its shades of blue.



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